NUR-SULTAN – The museum dedicated to Soviet-era Kazakh politician Dinmukhamed Kunayev, who led the Kazakh SSR from 1964 to 1986, was opened after restoration work on April 19 in Almaty, the press service of the NUR-SULTAN reported. Almaty akimat (municipal administration). On January 12, 2022, he would have been 110 years old.
On the same day, a memorial house of prominent writer Gabit Musrepov reopened to visitors. This year, Kazakhstan celebrates Musrepov’s 120th birthday.
Dinmukhamed Kunayev Museum
Kunayev led the Kazakh Soviet Republic first between 1960 and 1962, and then from 1964 to 1986. This was the period of rapid growth of the republic’s economic potential and cultural development. Kazakhstan has become a major producer of agricultural and industrial products as well as raw materials. The country’s productive potential increased by more than 700% during his tenure, according to the Information and Analytical Center of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
“Kunayev was a wise man, and his reign was quite benign for the Kazakh intelligentsia,” recalls Valentina Pankina, a prominent Russian expert on Soviet-era cultures in Central Asia, who knew him personally.
In December 1986, when Mikhail Gorbachev removed him from power, Kazakhstan saw mass protests, probably the first in the USSR under the new regime of perestroika and glasnost.
Kunayev is still revered in independent Kazakhstan.
The museum which reopened in Almaty in the house where he lived from 1969 until his death in 1993, was redesigned on the basis of Kunayev’s autobiographical book “From Stalin to Gorbachev”, which reflects his views on historical events important in the country. The museum displays archival documents, photos and personal items arranged in chronological order to show the works and life of the eminent statesman.
During the restoration works, the museum was equipped with modern digital and multimedia technologies, visitors can now use audio guides, while disabled people can go upstairs by elevator.
A total of 8,196 exhibits are on display at the museum, which opened in 2002. The latest updates were in 2011.
Gabit Musrepov House-Museum
Musrepov was one of pioneers of the national dramaturgy, who wrote such famous plays as “Amangeldy”, “Kozy Korpesh – Bayan Sulu” and “Akhan Seri – Aktokty”. More than 30 short stories, novels and plays he wrote had a great impact on the development of national literature, reflecting social changes in Kazakh society and new phenomena in the everyday life of the Kazakh people.
The 114.6 square meter museum has become the country’s first modern multimedia literary center after its major renovation.
The museum has modern equipment, including information stands, a multimedia system and touch screens, among other devices, which display valuable literary data, archival materials, including manuscripts, photographs and ” A letter of five” (the letter of five Kazakh intellectuals, in which they informed Joseph Stalin of the horrific consequences of the reforms of Goloshchekin, who was the head of the Kazakh SSR in the 1920s-1930s) among other exhibits.
Besides the memorial hall, the literary hall, where museum visitors can see all the details of a writer’s biography, has also been modernized.
In addition, the museum has created a special cinema hall for showing films, the scripts of which were written by Musrepov, including the films “Amangeldy”, “Kyz-Zhibek”, “Once and For Life” and “Melon” .
Annual attendance is expected to double to 22,000 due to its reconstruction.